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Life of BERNAERT VAN ORLEY


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  Bernard (or Bernaert or Barend) van Orley, Netherlandish painter of religious subjects and portraits and designer of tapestries and stained glass. He was the leading artist of his day in Brussels, becoming court painter to Margaret of Austria, regent of the Netherlands, in 1518 and to her successor Mary of Hungary in 1532. His work is characterized by the use of ill-digested Italianate motifs. There is no evidence that he visited Italy, and his knowledge presumably came from engravings and from Raphael s tapestry cartoons, which were in Brussels c.1516-19; he has (very flatteringly) been called the Raphael of the Netherlands . In 1520, when Drer visited the Netherlands, Orley gave a banquet for him, and Drer drew his portrait.
  His best-known work is the turbulent Job altarpiece (Muses Royaux, Brussels, 1521). As a portraitist his style was quieter and more thoughtful ( Georg Zelle, Muses Royaux, Brussels, 1519). None of van Orley s paintings bears a date later than 1530; after that time he was chiefly occupied with designing tapestries and stained-glass windows.
  
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Altarpiece of Sts Thomas and Matthias
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Altarpiece of Calvary
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Altarpiece of Calvary
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Portrait of Charles V
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Haneton Triptych (centre panel)
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Haneton Triptych (wings)
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Holy Family
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The Last Judgment
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Portrait of Margareta van Oostenrijk
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Count Henry I of Nassau with his Bride
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Also see ...

OSTENDORFER, Michael

OTTONI, Lorenzo

OVERBECK, Friedrich

OUDRY, Jean-Baptiste

RAEBURN, Sir Henry



        


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