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Life of JACOB WILLEMSZ. DE, THE ELDER WET


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  Dutch painter and draughtsman. It seems unlikely that he is the same as the Jacobus de Wit who was a member of the Alkmaar Guild of St Luke in 1637 or as the Jan de Wet (b Hamburg, c. 1617) who was a pupil of Rembrandt. Sumowski has disentangled his work from that of Gerrit de Wet, Daniel Thievaert (1613-57) and of his own son, Jacob de Wet the younger (b Haarlem, c. 1640; d Amsterdam, 11 Nov 1697).
  De Wet s works are predominantly of biblical and mythological subjects, and his early painting, the Raising of Lazarus (1633; Darmstadt, Hessische Landesmuseum), is close to the work of Jan Pynas and Pieter Lastman. Another painting of the same subject, executed in 1634, is much closer to Rembrandt s work of the early 1630s, and the pronounced emotional content and strong chiaroscuro in much of his work may indicate that he was a pupil of Rembrandt. His later work places a greater emphasis on the landscape backgrounds, often relegating the figures to an almost incidental role, with a use of colour closer to Cuyp s idyllic scenes (e.g. Landscape with a Ferry, London, National Gallery).
  A number of drawings by de Wet exist, including his sketchbook (c. 1636; Haarlem, Gemeentarchf, MS. Hs 230), which is predominantly pre-Rembrandtesque in style. The sketchbook also notes his pupils, who included Paulus Potter (1642) and his own son. Jacob de Wet the Younger worked in Edinburgh and copied a series of paintings depicting the Kings of Scotland (Edinburgh, Palace Holyroodhouse, Royal Collection), as well as executing some of the decorative work in Holyroodhouse.
  
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The Calling of St Peter and St Andrew
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The Meeting of David and Abigail
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The Triumph of Mordechai
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WEBBER, John

WILDENS, Jan

WILKIE, Sir David

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WILSON, Richard



        


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