You are here: Art > Biography > English

Life of WILLIAM HOGARTH


 Advertisements

 
  English painter and engraver. He trained as an engraver in the Rococo tradition, and by 1720 was established in London independently as an engraver on copper of billheads and book illustrations. In his spare time he studied painting, first at the St Martin s Lane Academy and later under Sir James Thornhill, whose daughter he married in 1729. By this time he had begun to make a name with small conversation pieces, and about 1730 he set up as a portrait painter. At about the same time he invented and popularized the use of a sequence of anecdotal pictures similar to representations on the stage to point a moral and satirize social abuses. A Harlot s Progress (6 scenes, c. 1731; destroyed by fire) was followed by A Rake s Progress (8 scenes, Sir John Soane s Museum, London, c. 1735), and Marriage à la Mode (6 scenes, National Gallery, London, c. 1743), which each portray the punishment of vice in a somewhat lurid melodrama. Each series was painted with a view to being engraved, and the engravings had a wide sale and were popular with all classes. They were much pirated and Hogarth s campaigning against the profiteers led to the Copyright Act of 1735. I have endeavoured , he wrote, to treat my subjects as a dramatic writer: my picture is my stage, and men and women my players.
  Hogarth, however, was much more than a preacher in paint. His satire was directed as much at pedantry and affectation as at immorality, and he saw himself to some extent as a defender of native common sense against a fashion for French and Italian mannerisms. In spite of his rabid xenophobia, Hogarth made some attempts to show he could paint in the Italian Grand Manner (Sigismunda, Tate, London, 1759). These, however, are generally considered his weakest works, and apart from his modern morality subjects he excelled mainly in portraiture. Captain Coram (Coram Foundation, London, 1740), which he regarded as his highest achievement in portraiture, shows that he could paint a portrait in the Baroque manner with complete confidence and without artificiality. However, he could not flatter or compromise and had not the disposition for a successful portraitist. From 1735 to 1755 he ran an academy in St Martin s Lane (independent of the one at which he had studied), and this became the main forerunner of the Royal Academy. In 1753 he published The Analysis of Beauty, a treatise on aesthetic theory which he wrote with the conviction that the views of a practising artist should carry greater weight than the theories of the connoisseur or dilettante.
  Hogarth was far and away the most important British artist of his generation. He was equally outstanding as a painter and engraver and by the force of his pugnacious personality as well as by the quality and originality of his work he freed British art from its domination by foreign artists. Because so much of his work has a literary element, his qualities as a painter have often been overlooked, but his more informal pictures in particular show that his brushwork could live up to his inventive genius. The vigour and spontaneity of The Shrimp Girl (National Gallery, London, c. 1740), for example, have made it deservedly one of the most popular British paintings of the 18th century.
  
 Advertisements
Marriage à la Mode
click to see full size image
See more details about "Marriage à la Mode"
An Election Entertainment
click to see full size image
See more details about "An Election Entertainment"
Soliciting Votes
click to see full size image
See more details about "Soliciting Votes"
The Marriage of Stephen Beckingham and Mary Cox
click to see full size image
See more details about "The Marriage of Stephen Beckingham and Mary Cox"
Marriage à la Mode
click to see full size image
See more details about "Marriage à la Mode"
Portrait of Mary Edwards
click to see full size image
See more details about "Portrait of Mary Edwards"
The Painter and his Pug
click to see full size image
See more details about "The Painter and his Pug"
Portrait of a Young Woman
click to see full size image
See more details about "Portrait of a Young Woman"
The Orgy
click to see full size image
See more details about "The Orgy"
A Scene from the Beggar's Opera
click to see full size image
See more details about "A Scene from the Beggar's Opera"

Pages :  1 2 

 


If you want write a review , you have to be registered. Login or Sign up / register
 Advertisements

Also see ...

HOGENBERG, Frans

HOLSTEYN, Cornelis

HOLLAR, Wenceslaus

HOOGSTRATEN, Samuel van

HONDIUS, Abraham Danielsz.



        


 Translation  Spanish  German  French  Italian
 painter  pintor  maler  peintre  pittore
 painting  pintura  Anstrich  peinture  pittura
 paintings  pinturas  Anstriche  peintures  pitture
 biography  biografía  Biographie  biographie  biografia
 gallery  galería  Galerie  galerie  galleria