Painter, part of a Russion family of artists, of German origin. The family included various artists and craftsmen, settled in Russia in the 18th century. The brothers Aleksandr Bryulov and Karl Bryulov were its most notable members. Aleksandr was one of the originators and leaders of Romanticism and historicism in Russian architecture. Karl briefly became one of the most famous painters in Europe, largely on account of his huge history painting of the Last Day of Pompeii
(1830-32; St Petersburg, Russian Museum)
Karl spent part of his life in Italy (1822-34 and 1849-52), where he painted his chief work, The Last Day of Pompeii, inspired by a performance of the opera of that name by Giovanni Pacini. An enormous (6 m wide) melodramatic composition, it brought him European fame and inspired Edward Bulwer-Lytton s novel The Last Days of Pompeii (1834).
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