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Life of SIR ANTHONY VAN DYCK


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  Sir Anthony van Dyck was a Flemish painter who was one of the most important and prolific
  portraitists of the 17th century. He is also considered to be one of the most brilliant colorists in the
  history of art.
  Van Dyck was born on March 22, 1599, in Antwerp, son of a rich silk merchant, and his
  precocious artistic talent was already obvious at age 11, when he was apprenticed to the Flemish
  historical painter Hendrik van Balen. He was admitted to the Antwerp guild of painters in 1618,
  before his 19th birthday. He spent the next two years as a member of the workshop of the
  Flemish painter Peter Paul Rubens in Antwerp. Van Dyck s work during this period is in the lush,
  exuberant style of Rubens, and several paintings attributed to Rubens have since been ascribed to
  van Dyck.
  From 1620 to 1627 van Dyck traveled in Italy, where he was in great demand as a portraitist and
  where he developed his maturing style. He toned down the Flemish robustness of his early work
  to concentrate on a more dignified, elegant manner. In his portraits of Italian aristocrats—men on
  prancing horses, ladies in black gowns—he created idealized figures with proud, erect stances,
  slender figures, and the famous expressive “van Dyck” hands. Influenced by the great Venetian
  painters Titian, Paolo Veronese, and Giovanni Bellini, he adopted colors of great richness and
  jewel-like purity. No other painter of the age surpassed van Dyck at portraying the shimmering
  whites of satin, the smooth blues of silk, or the rich crimsons of velvet. He was the quintessential
  painter of aristocracy, and was particularly successful in Genoa. There he showed himself
  capable of creating brilliantly accurate likenesses of his subjects, while he also developed a
  repertoire of portrait types that served him well in his later work at the court of Charles I of
  England.
  Back in Antwerp from 1627 to 1632, van Dyck worked as a portraitist and a painter of church
  pictures. In 1632 he settled in London as chief court painter to King Charles I, who knighted him
  shortly after his arrival. Van Dyck painted most of the English aristocracy of the time, and his
  style became lighter and more luminous, with thinner paint and more sparkling highlights in gold
  and silver. At the same time, his portraits occasionally showed a certain hastiness or superficiality
  as he hurried to satisfy his flood of commissions. In 1635 van Dyck painted his masterpiece,
   Charles I in Hunting Dress (Louvre, Paris), a standing figure emphasizing the haughty grace of
  the monarch.
  Van Dyck was one of the most influential 17th-century painters. He set a new style for Flemish
  art and founded the English school of painting; the portraitists Sir Joshua Reynolds and Thomas
   Gainsborough of that school were his artistic heirs. He died in London on December 9, 1641.
  
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Marchesa Elena Grimaldi
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Portrait of a Gentleman
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Self-portrait with a Sunflower
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Portrait of a Man in Armour with Red Scarf
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Portrait of a Member of the Balbi Family
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Charles I: King of England at the Hunt
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Charles I on Horseback
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Equestrian Portrait of Charles I, King of England
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Portrait of Prince Charles Louis, Elector Palatine
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Portrait of the Painter Cornelis de Wae
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DONÁT, János

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