French painter and teacher of German origin (his name before naturalization in 1846 was Karl Ernest Heinrich Salem). A pupil of his father, Leo Lehmann, and Ingres,
whose studio he entered in 1831, Lehmann enjoyed a long and much honoured career. His work reflects his fervent admiration and emulation of Ingres,
his respect for the art of the Nazarenes and his study of 17th-century Italian art.
Beginning in 1835, Lehmann exhibited regularly at the Salon, winning first-class medals in 1840, 1848, and 1855. Renowned for his graceful portraits, he depicted many of his era s leaders, such as writers and composers. He also received numerous commissions for large-scale compositions, including decorations for the city hall of Paris in 1852, which were destroyed in 1871.
Lehmann became head of the Acadmie des Beaux-Arts in 1861. He was a master there from 1875, with Camille Pissarro and Georges Seurat among his students - both of whom found his conservative regimen unappealing. Lehmann often collaborated with Ingres and visited him twice in Italy.
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